- Is the EU a legal entity?
- What is the difference between TEU and TFEU?
- Who decides EU law?
- What is the difference between EU regulations and directives?
- Why is EU law important?
- Do EU countries have to follow EU laws?
- How are EU laws enforced?
- Are EU directives legally binding?
- Is case law primary or secondary?
- What are the main sources of EU law?
- Does EU law override national law?
- What are the secondary sources of EU law?
- What is primary EU law?
- What is EU legal order?
- What is a basic act EU?
Is the EU a legal entity?
Article 47 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) explicitly recognises the legal personality of the European Union, making it an independent entity in its own right..
What is the difference between TEU and TFEU?
The TEU sets out the objectives and principles of the EU and the TFEU provides the organisational and functional details. The TEU is the current Treaty on the European Union (the Maastricht Treaty), with amendments, and the TFEU is basically the EC Treaty, also with a number of amendments.
Who decides EU law?
The European Commission has the initiative to propose legislation. During the ordinary legislative procedure, the Council (which are ministers from member state governments) and the European Parliament (elected by citizens) can make amendments and must give their consent for laws to pass.
What is the difference between EU regulations and directives?
Regulations have binding legal force throughout every Member State and enter into force on a set date in all the Member States. Directives lay down certain results that must be achieved but each Member State is free to decide how to transpose directives into national laws.
Why is EU law important?
EU law is important because it ensures that the populations of the member states are treated, and treat others, equally. … This is the highest court in Europe and makes binding decisions for all countries in the EU.
Do EU countries have to follow EU laws?
Only EU can legislate The role of member countries is limited to applying the law, unless the EU authorises them to adopt certain laws themselves. In these areas, the EU has what the treaties call exclusive competences: customs union. competition rules for the single market.
How are EU laws enforced?
EU Directives, once implemented into Member State laws, are enforced through the national administrative mechanisms applicable to the relevant national law on employment and industrial relations. … Administrative enforcement of EU law is, therefore, achieved through national administrative mechanisms.
Are EU directives legally binding?
A directive shall be binding, as to the result to be achieved, upon each Member State to which it is addressed, but shall leave to the national authorities the choice of form and methods. A decision shall be binding in its entirety upon those to whom it is addressed.
Is case law primary or secondary?
Primary legal sources are the actual law in the form of constitutions, court cases, statutes, and administrative rules and regulations. Secondary legal sources may restate the law, but they also discuss, analyze, describe, explain, or critique it as well.
What are the main sources of EU law?
There are three sources of EU law: primary law, secondary law and supplementary law (see hierarchy of norms). The main sources of primary law are the treaties establishing the EU: the Treaty on the EU, the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU and and the Treaty on the European Atomic Energy Community — Euratom.
Does EU law override national law?
European law therefore has precedence over national laws. Therefore, if a national rule is contrary to a European provision, Member States’ authorities must apply the European provision. National law is neither rescinded nor repealed, but its binding force is suspended.
What are the secondary sources of EU law?
The two main sources of EU law are: primary law and secondary law. Primary law is constituted by treaties laying down the legal framework of the European Union. Secondary law is composed of legal instruments based on these treaties, such as regulations, directives, decisions and agreements.
What is primary EU law?
WHAT IS PRIMARY LAW? It is the supreme source of law in the EU. It comes mainly from the founding treaties, notably the Treaty of Rome (which evolved in the Treaty of the Functioning of the European Union) and the Treaty of Maastricht (which evolved in the Treaty on European Union).
What is EU legal order?
The European Union has legal personality and as such its own legal order which is separate from international law. … The legal order is usually divided into primary legislation (the Treaties and general legal principles), secondary legislation (based on the Treaties) and supplementary law.
What is a basic act EU?
These acts may undergo amendments in the course of time, by means of other similar acts. In this context, “Basic act” is the term to refer to the acts affected by the posterior amendments (referred to as “amending acts”, in opposition to the “basic acts”).