Quick Answer: What Are The 5 Major Roles Of Congress?

What roles and functions do members of Congress perform quizlet?

Terms in this set (8)Lawmaking.

The primary function of Congress is to pass rules that all Americans must obey.


Trustee View of Representation.

Instructed-Delegate View of Representation.

Service to Constituents.


Public Education.

Conflict Resolution..

What is the function of the US Senate?

Under the Constitution, the House of Representatives has the power to impeach a government official, in effect serving as prosecutor. The Senate has the sole power to conduct impeachment trials, essentially serving as jury and judge. Since 1789 the Senate has tried 19 federal officials, including two presidents.

What are the two most important functions of Congress quizlet?

What are the functions of Congress? Congress’ main functions are lawmaking, representation, constituent services (casework), and oversight. Congress is given the power to establish broad national policies, a power known as lawmaking.

Why do politicians gerrymander districts quizlet?

Why do politicians gerrymander? to concentrate voters in a district and to create as many safe districts as possible.

What are the two most important functions of Congress?

The Functions of Congress. This chapter addresses the most important functions of Congress: 1) Lawmaking (setting policy for the country); 2) Oversight of the executive branch; and 3) Constituent service.

What is the #1 job of Congress?

Through legislative debate and compromise, the U.S. Congress makes laws that influence our daily lives. It holds hearings to inform the legislative process, conducts investigations to oversee the executive branch, and serves as the voice of the people and the states in the federal government.

What is the difference between Congress and the Senate?

Senators represent their entire states, but members of the House represent individual districts. … Today, Congress consists of 100 senators (two from each state) and 435 voting members of the House of Representatives. The terms of office and number of members directly affects each institution.

What two groups do members of Congress represent?

Established by Article I of the Constitution, the Legislative Branch consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, which together form the United States Congress.

What is the job of Congress and Senate?

Congress is the legislative arm of our government and its job is to make laws. Congress is made up of two houses: the Senate (upper) and the House of Representatives (lower). Each state has two senators in the Senate. The number of representatives a state has is determined by its population.

Whats the difference between a congressman and a senator?

Members of the U.S. House of Representatives each represent a portion of their state known as a Congressional District, which averages 700,000 people. Senators however, represent the entire state.

What is the breakdown of ethnicity of the voting members of the 113th Congress quizlet?

In the 113th Congress (2013-2014), there were 2 blacks, 3 Latinos, and 20 women. However, the relatively small number of African Americans and Latinos in the House understates their influence, at least when the Democrats are in the majority.

What is a requirement of all members of Congress?

— U.S. Constitution, Article I, section 2, clause 2 The Constitution requires that Members of the House be at least 25 years old, have been a U.S. citizen for at least seven years, and live in the state they represent (though not necessarily the same district).

What are the roles of Congress?

Congress is the legislative branch of the federal government that represents the American people and makes the nation’s laws. It shares power with the executive branch, led by the president, and the judicial branch, whose highest body is the Supreme Court of the United States.

What are the five major roles played by members of Congress in their jobs quizlet?

Terms in this set (16)What roles and functions do members of Congress perform? – Members of each house have five major roles. … delegate. … trustee. … partisan. … politico. … bills. … floor consideration: … oversight function.More items…

What is the main job of Congress quizlet?

To make laws is the primary job of Congress. ALL members of Congress MUST live in the state the elects them. Congress can make laws that are “necessary and proper” because of the elastic clause.

What is the difference between a term and a session?

Each term of Congress lasts for two years, and each of those two-year terms is numbered consecutively. A session of Congress is that period of time during which, each year, Congress assembles and conducts business. … The President can call Congress or either of its houses into a special session.

What are 3 major responsibilities of members of Congress?

Congress has five main functions: lawmaking, representing the people, performing oversight, helping constituents, and educating the public.

How is Congress chosen?

Members of Congress in both houses are elected by direct popular vote. Senators are elected via a statewide vote and representatives by voters in each congressional district. Congressional districts are apportioned to the states, once every ten years, based on population figures from the most recent nationwide census.

Why are there currently 435 members in the House?

Because the House wanted a manageable number of members, Congress twice set the size of the House at 435 voting members. … It permanently set the maximum number of representatives at 435. In addition, the law determined a procedure for automatically reapportioning House seats after each census.